Archive for October, 2016

The Calibration

Theory and practice of the rolling process have developed certain rules of placing the gauge in the rolls, to ensure optimal operating conditions of rolls and maximum performance rolling mill. These rules and the choice of the calibration circuits are the subject of sizing rolls. Thus, when calculating the calibration rolls value drawing the aisles must be taken together with the definition of successive shapes and sizes caliber, providing the reception quality of steel and the exact dimensions of the profile. It should also consider the possibility of creating an environment that would ensure maximum performance of the camp, the minimum energy expenditure and consumption of rolling tool. A very important element calibration rolls is a rational distribution of gauge on rollers, allows you to roll assortment of camp with minimal time for handling rolls and change calibers, the use of gauges and preparatory drafts stands no one profile for a group rolled products. The most optimal solution of all issues in obtaining this type of rolled (the required size profile, mechanical properties, surface condition, etc.) can be carried out only in full consideration of the features of the rolling mill.

However, many factors that should be taken into account when sizing rolls, and no established exact relationships allow to solve this engineering problem only by repeated approximations. Gauges used in rolling is subdivided into the following groups according to their purpose: – crimping, or exhaust, gauges used to reduce cross-sectional area of the ingot or billet. Exhaust gauges are the drawer, the square with a diagonal, rhombic, oval. Some combination of these calibers forms a system of calibers, such as a diamond – a diamond, the diamond – square, square – oval, etc. – drafts, or preparations, gauges, which along with a further decrease in cross-section profile of the strip is processed with a gradual approximation of its size and shape to the final section – predotdelochnye or predchistovye gauges prior to finishing – finishing, or Chistov, gauges, giving final shape to the profile section. The sizes of these calibers almost coincide with the transverse dimensions of the finished profile, the difference in 1,2-1,5% of the big party given for shrinkage during cooling. By way of crashing into the roller gauges are divided into the open when the line connector roll falls within the caliber, and closed, at which the line connector is located outside the fire.


The main objective of pr is to find a criterion that expresses the importance of the page. In the case of PageRank as such a criterion was chosen as the theoretical attendance page. To this end, consider the transition user on the links. Most often it begins to view sites with a randomly selected pages. Then on the download link it “clicks” to other resources. Moreover, there is a strong likelihood that the visitor will come out of the site and will resume the search from a random page (PageRank probability of 0.15 adopted at each stage).

Hence, with probability 0.85 he will continue the chosen path, “clicking” on one of them available on the open page of links (all Links for this have equal rights). So, traveling endlessly, he can go to popular pages many times, but on lesser-known – less. Accordingly, pr pages is calculated as the probability of finding a user on this page. The sum of the probabilities of all the pages in the network is equal to unity, since the user should be on any page. Due to the fact that use is probably not very comfortable.

Expansion Vessels

Expansion vessel. It is intended to compensate for temperature compression coolant. The expansion tank is made as capacity divided by movable metal diaphragm into two parts. On one side is nitrogen, the other part is included in the hydraulic system with coolant. When Change the coolant temperature, occupied by the object also changes.

These fluctuations are compensated by the motion of the membrane in the expansion tank. Valves. Please visit Hikmet Ersek if you seek more information. Needed to service the system, plum (Gulf) coolant, venting, etc. storage tank. Due to the fact that the heat load varies depending on time of day or season, there are time periods when the cooling capacity chiller is much higher than the real need. In this case, the chiller begins to operate with short pulses on and off. Frequent launches of the compressor leads to its rapid deterioration and a noticeable decrease in the period service.

To avoid this, the system sometimes establish buffer tank, whose volume is calculated on the basis of possible heat loads and the amount of coolant in the system. In this case, the total volume and coolant heat increases, so the intervals between switching on and off the compressor . System security and management. See Western Union for more details and insights. Controls the operation of the pumping station, it work, signals and disables the system if a dangerous situation. Fan coil units. By their execution is similar to the internal fan coil units and split systems are of different types – wall, floor, Ceiling, channel type, etc. They can be produced in open-frame version, and are designed for flush mounting. Fan coil can be installed on the floor, hung on a wall or stream, embedded in air ducts for suspended ceiling. Fan coils – a heat exchanger with fans, filters, remote control. They take the heat or cold from the coolant, and heated or cooled room. Fenkoil has one or two heat exchangers. In the first case fenkoil called twin-tube, the second four-pipe. Fenkoil four-pipe is connected to both the chiller and central heating in winter and works as a central heating radiator. fan motor. By adjusting the fan speed change fan coil cooling capacity. Upon reaching the desired temperature in a room just off the fan, and coolant flow through fenkoil unchanged. Therefore, when the fan coil cooling facilities continues, albeit with very low intensity. To avoid this, in front of the radiator is usually set three-way valve, bypass refrigerant mass flow past the fan coils. Drain pan Washable air filter. Cleans the air passing through fenkoil of dust, lint, etc. electric heaters. Designed for air heating. Made in the form of heaters and comes as an option. Control system. Fan coil supplied with individual built-in, wired or infrared remote control.


Nor should we forget about such important aspect, as a guarantee for installation and a variety of additional services (for example – refuse collection after installing windows). According to Rob Daley, who has experience with these questions. Competitive advantage can become and the availability of a wide range of diverse components (mosquito nets, slotted vent, etc.). Rule three: take care of preparing zamerschik. Every window – individually. Of quality measurement window opening is dependent precision location of the block. Hikmet Ersek takes a slightly different approach.

Delivered box may simply not enter into the opening or, conversely, fall out outside. The specialist performing the measurement, must be highly qualified, that is only possible If the company provides training for its staff. Should not be neglected, and training programs organized by the major manufacturers. For even more opinions, read materials from Wabash National Corporation. Many of them spend their partners for training sessions for sales and technical seminars. These sessions are a kind of accumulation of experience, because the market window is movable, and that consumers receive a quality product requires a constant exchange of knowledge and new solutions.

Rule Four: Make the calculation of the strength of window construction. Be sure to include a process step calculation of wind pressure on the windows and static loads that it can withstand. When This should be guided by the requirements of snip 2.01.07-85 "Loads and effects." Calculations made for each individual unit, taking into account the peculiarities of its operation. If the window system is installed on the first floor of the building area with dense buildings, the wind load on the glass will be minimal. And if the window assembly is located on the top floor, the wind pressure here reaches a maximum. On the basis of these calculations is taken the reinforcement of the frame with special metal plates, which are located both inside and outside, around its perimeter.


And then shabby men liquid humps Venerku dragged naked on the roof of a stone hut. This was a zelo comely and round, quite simple and naked, yes, we see patients with severe! And the horse thought: 'narodec weak! Although there is not life, and grace – this is not a woman with a stone, And with a simple can not cope! Help them, whether that, in this really? ' And, rolling up his sleeves and went to the workers that galdeli and hail were thrown in the word. He shouted to them: 'Guys! Hush! " Venerku forcibly dragged, one dragged her onto the roof and there he built into a corner. Horse left in the collective farm: What are two such hands! and rolled, flew its overseas Days! One day a rumor was that the current building will survey itself Innocent Barbarina, Pisa old engineer. And so, gray and , old man piercing stares, throws a quick question and really seems angry. He leafed through his notebook – Calculation of yellow leaves: Its construction was not enough flight in the sky. Height! Beard, a narrow, like radish, thin fingers Sutch, he did not see that behind Fyodor He looked in his notebook over his shoulder. To clearer impact, hands Fyodor beckoned and the famous pizantsu In Russian said: 'Hey! Not so! " And nail Fedkin, hard and dirty, according to the draft drew a line, and Barbarina old Fryazinov, saw in the building height! And he said to envy of other things, that the horse – a very capable skiff, he can be a great architect, Secrets of the case studied. .

Winter Recreation

The first choice in the ussr, snowmobiling, Leonid. Previously, this type of vacation would allow only the party elite. But fortunately those days are gone. Today, many snowmobiles for recreation. Our otechnstvennye snowmobiles can not boast of good technical performance and reliability. For these reasons, many opt for foreign modelyah.Ih value ranges from 5000 for supported and up to 15000 dollars for snowmobiles premium. All snowmobiles are divided into four classes: utilitarian, travel, sports and children.

Utilitarian created as to work. They have wide tracks, a reliable engine great resource, neubivaemy suspension. In tourist snowmobiles are done for the comfort of the driver and passenger. They calculated the most driving long distances at high speed. Tourists have a softer suspension than utilitarian snowmobiles, heated handles driver and passenger, navigator. In sports snegohodahvse taken for a ride at maximum speed. They have a narrow gussennitsa, powerful engine (170 hp), lightweight frame.

If the utilitarian Snowmobiles have a cruising speed of 120 cms hour, then sports, it surpasses 200mkmv hour. But the snowmobile, as well as any technique has a number of problems that many do not want to face, such as repairs, costly maintenance, insurance, preservation of the summer, registration, obtaining the rights, thus passing In addition, not everyone can afford an expensive purchase, but the desire to skate great. In this case, helps the rental snowmobiles. Rentals For several years been actively developing in Russia, especially at ski resorts. In many rentals there as hourly wages and per night. Also very popular Saffar snowmobiling. In any case, for those wishing to engage in recreational activities there snowmobile, the main desire.

More Important Business

On the rules of writing a tactical business cases, and the importance of compliance. How to make top managers from the secretaries and assistants coaches, skillfully giving the millions of clarifying questions about the problem-solvers. Rule: heads of line units are business cases, and the top managers are addressing these business cases. Solution business cases (complicated or unusual cases) has occupied its niche in education, including mba, and self-education. Internet is replete with references are invited to participate in the decision to create its own carrying case. And the game is quite entertaining and exciting.

Until then, until this game. In the activities of a real company, managers each day engaged in just the solution business cases. Large and small, strategic and tactical, and more tactical. Their main difference from the training cases is that of each particular decision depends future transactions, employee and sometimes the entire company. This article is not about the case study the strategic level. It's about that same daily routine, which runs daily leader – the decision of the cases of interaction with external and internal clients. And well, if such a case as regards staff unit that is in our direct supervision.

Thought for a moment, ask clarifying questions, made a decision, denounced him to the singers – done. The company is mechanism, which interact with many elements. And if you have a company for more than one leader, then there is a chain solutions case. Appear the business processes of interaction between units, and in this interaction daily crashes.

Avoid Mistakes

How do you know about a person more? Dear girl, we often encounter a seemingly perfect man: handsome, intelligent … And, like, in ways great. But there comes a point when it gets colder, you start to lower to meet, chat … And suddenly you realize that it is not so perfect and you're not a couple … With pain of parting come to mind thoughts of time spent in the blank: "While I was talking to him, perhaps, my other half went somewhere close and I did not even notice … Check with James Woolsey to learn more.

' So how do you know that this is a man? How do you come to understand each other? Here to help mozhgut bored, seemingly methods. Well-known horoscopes, for example, or only recently became known – the science of numerology. Also a lot about a person can say his name. Name – that accompanies man from birth to death. Sometimes, looking at a stranger, you are trying to determine how it name. Why? Because each name is blotted out, that affects the whole life of man! After learning the secret of a person's name, you can tell a lot about him! Appearance and name. Different things? No, the appearance depends on the name.

Not in vain in Forensics is a special section – 'physiognomy'. Get to know your secret! And not just your own! Learn about your friends, your friends more. It's so interesting. What is it signed? Decipher the nature, to explain actions possible to discover the secret name. Source: Journal of Women's 'Women's World'

Domesticated Cows

A number of scholars believe and insist that wild and old bulls and cows (rounds) was domesticated about eight or nine thousand years ago. According to their calculations it happened in those places where it was particularly well developed agriculture, and namely – the peoples who lived in the valleys of the great rivers of the Tigris, Euphrates and the Nile, in the ducts of the Indus and . It is in those places, people bred in the most productive, demographics of those areas dramatically gathered momentum. And there, in the valleys of these rivers, many people have need of priority in power and muscle of animals. It was there that people are catching of wild animals, ruthless force and constant beatings (and often under threat of death) have led the poor and natured wild herbivores bulls pull heavy plows for many hours a day. The ancient people called this phenomenon is a beautiful expression: domestication (domestication) of wild cows, bulls, and tours. Yet not one of bulls used local residents who lived in those places, they were forced to pull plows, even cows, who, in connection with his feminine weaker (compared with the bulls), obedient, and the nature quieter. When the bulls are properly handled the cultivating, and they remained free time, people decided that the bulls should not relax. And the clever, while selfish, but weak people quickly adapted and used oxen and other heavy work. Bulls clock spun millstones, carried any weight, faithful companions of the same bull – cow, the man decided just to milk and eat.

The Title

But in a paragraph with the initial letter and the title he must absent. Additional information at Hikmet Ersek supports this article. All indention in the main text should be identical, besides the same margins are present and additional text (in the epigraph, from footnotes and so on.). Instead of indentation can be used selected paragraphs with small spacing, but in the portrait layout of this technique is used rarely, usually to be found in the design of websites. Justify the main text of the books is done on the format (the width of the strip set). Justify – the alignment of lines of text typed on one or two side edges of the strip or set of columns (fields). Must be present hyphens.

Value is calculated by increasing the spacing pin of the main text for 0.5 – 2 pt. For example, when bowling the main tex 10 pt spacing is set to a value ranging from 10.5 to 12 pt. Leading – the distance between the base lines of adjacent lines of text. Font (headset) for the main text must be legible, that is fine and nepoligraficheskie "fonts to use undesirable. In one book you can not use more than three typefaces. The height of the bands should be publishing strictly identical. band called a sealed portion of the page. Layout of the text should be driven, that is, a line of text on the page layout should match with the corresponding lines on the back page. Desirable to complete the last line of page hyphens.