King Fernando

With colbertistas principles mercantilistas, the Crown aimed at to finish with certain autonomy them Hispanic regions that came if accomplishing since century XVI (PEREZ, P. 15). These reforms of scope politician, economic and university, will go to cause dissatisfactions with some social classrooms. To exemplificar this affirmation, Frank evidences an antagonism of interests between the Spanish Crown and the Creoles, that is, while these last ones inhaled to the magnifying of its markets, to pay to little taxes and economic autonomy, the Metropolis aimed at the domain of the state apparatus, that is, the control of Estanco, Customs, the Army and the Fiscal Incomes (FRANK, 51). According to Hapirin Donghi, these conflicts do not have to be exaggerated the point to think soon about rupture of the colony with the metropolis, but they in show some to them of the antecedents of the process of the crisis of the monarchy and the colonial system. The author remembers in them that year of 1795 is basic to understand the starting point of the disaggregation of the monarchy, a time that, at this time, occurs to the alliance of the Spanish Crown with France, unchaining a mentality, even though of more the fidiciary offices to the king, who the annexation of Spain to the Napoleonic advance, would correspond to an almost irreversible process (DONGHI, P. 120).

Of this form, in the five first years of century XIX, a true economic crisis in the colonies is noticed, reflecting in the isolation and naval inferiority, then, some social classes will identify the colonial bond as a disadvantage. The Napoleonic advance made possible a forced abdication of the King Fernando VII, being substituted for Jose Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleo Bonaparte, implying in the formation of provincial meetings that would eliminate the cabildos that had been substituted by state legislatures. Being thus, Joo Pablo Pepper will affirm that the impediment of the monarch to the power, the creation of the Meetings and the dissatisfaction of social classrooms make possible the independence wars that had appeared from 1810 (PEPPER, P.

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