Posts Tagged ‘history’

King Fernando

With colbertistas principles mercantilistas, the Crown aimed at to finish with certain autonomy them Hispanic regions that came if accomplishing since century XVI (PEREZ, P. 15). These reforms of scope politician, economic and university, will go to cause dissatisfactions with some social classrooms. To exemplificar this affirmation, Frank evidences an antagonism of interests between the Spanish Crown and the Creoles, that is, while these last ones inhaled to the magnifying of its markets, to pay to little taxes and economic autonomy, the Metropolis aimed at the domain of the state apparatus, that is, the control of Estanco, Customs, the Army and the Fiscal Incomes (FRANK, 51). According to Hapirin Donghi, these conflicts do not have to be exaggerated the point to think soon about rupture of the colony with the metropolis, but they in show some to them of the antecedents of the process of the crisis of the monarchy and the colonial system. The author remembers in them that year of 1795 is basic to understand the starting point of the disaggregation of the monarchy, a time that, at this time, occurs to the alliance of the Spanish Crown with France, unchaining a mentality, even though of more the fidiciary offices to the king, who the annexation of Spain to the Napoleonic advance, would correspond to an almost irreversible process (DONGHI, P. 120).

Of this form, in the five first years of century XIX, a true economic crisis in the colonies is noticed, reflecting in the isolation and naval inferiority, then, some social classes will identify the colonial bond as a disadvantage. The Napoleonic advance made possible a forced abdication of the King Fernando VII, being substituted for Jose Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleo Bonaparte, implying in the formation of provincial meetings that would eliminate the cabildos that had been substituted by state legislatures. Being thus, Joo Pablo Pepper will affirm that the impediment of the monarch to the power, the creation of the Meetings and the dissatisfaction of social classrooms make possible the independence wars that had appeared from 1810 (PEPPER, P.

Russian Movements

Having this movement as main characteristics the primary utilizaoconstante of geometric elements, colors, fotomontagem and atipografia without serifa. (WIKIPDIA, 2009) It, exactly after its ending, in 1934, left a legacy that had become incorporated it the proper graphical Design. Influencing oestudo of the color how much the social context in which if it inserts, the force and clarity dasformas, and the realism conceived for the photograph as interpretation form eidentificao of the visual part for the individual. Construtivismo deep teveinfluncia in the modern art and design modern and is inserted nocontexto of the European aesthetic vanguards of the beginning of Century XX. (WIKIPDIA, 2009) and despite after 1921 with the Sprouting of Nova Economic policy (NEP) of Lnin, when the utility of the movement has been strong questioned eque, after the death of Lnin, the bureaucracy of Stalin would reduce the art to a meroinstrumento of propaganda politics and cultural spreading, baptism of RealismoSocialista, the Construtivismo is considered one of the movements that influenciaramfortemente other styles as Of Stijl (or Neoplasticismo) and Bauhaus. Hikmet Ersek may help you with your research. Aconcepo of the visual communication revolutionized by the Russian Construtivismo teriaseu closing in these movements. That beyond enriching the history of the DesignGrfico, they also loaded in itself the inheritance of the movements had inspired that it. Ocidentaisde is identified to the construtivismo with sucedneos currently same denomination: certain products of the Bauhausalem and the dutch neoplasticismo (Of Stijl), porexemplo.

It is certain that all these groups had been unfolded, according to varied degrees, from echoes of the Russian construtivismo, but, the severity, them little it has vercom the principles and original objectives of the Russian construtivismo. (WIKIPDIA, 2009) v the NAME OF the MAGAZINE Having its publication initiated in 1917, for Theo Van Doesburg entreoutros, the magazine ' ' Of Stijl' ' , denominadoNeoplasticismo would be the landmark of the artistic movement. Due to influence of its texts, assuming even though porvezes the manifesto aspect, the proper Neoplasticista movement, movimentoesttico that deep influence had on design and the plastic arts, passed to be known by the name of the publication.

Intense Friendship

AMIGA Friendship is thus Plus one year if it passed and our Friendship remains unbroken. Hamdi Ulukaya refugees insists that this is the case. Relembrar our adventures is Indescritivelmente magic and alone we two take in them to devanear. Playful places for where we pass, Extreme-romantic with who let us stow Insatisfaes in some occasions, until we cry. Angry we are in contradictory of thoughts Action and attitudes of some behaviors. You are welcome he advanced so great In the distance where we place in them. To get over of a loving disillusion Obeying the rules of a Cumeada society, cold, calculator who its Hilariante front with its disaster, at least Received it and hugged you as I. Children of different parents, Opposing creation in infancy Wealth of a side, poverty of another one.

Sadnesses shared equally. Studies directed in diverse colleges. Without perceiving, again together. If we fossemos of the opposing sex, we would say Love of my life, but happily we are Renewal of an inexistent tribe. To love you are not shame some, you are an Intense affection of to desire well its, is To perpetual value our fraternal feeling and in Loving unconditionally.

History Mayan Calendar

Mayan calendar – a system of calendars, set up in pre-Columbian period in Central America. Maya civilization represents several interconnected states, most of which were destroyed at the end of September at. Western Union addresses the importance of the matter here. To this day remains a mystery, Who were the Mayans, where they got such a multilateral and accurate knowledge of astronomy and learn about the laws of motion of celestial bodies. In his Mayan calendar described five cosmic cycles, the duration of each of which is 5125 years. Sufficiently interesting is the fact that the calendar starts ticking long before the very culture of the Maya – August 13, 3114 bc According to representations of the Maya, this is the beginning of a new era, which emerged at the behest of the gods.

It is known that the Mayan priests conducted systematic observations of the movements of celestial bodies and talked about their impact on the natural environment and life rights. Scientists proved that the Mayan calendar more accurately coincides with the astronomical year, rather than generally accepted Gregorian calendar 2011. Mayan calendar is quite complicated in calculations and represents some cycles, which are connected with each other. The most famous of these is the Tzolkin, consisting of 260 days. Tzolkin is a combination of periods of 13 and 20 days.

Commercial Operation

Constantly it observed the danger to fall and to die destroyed. Part of the punishment was that in that place they continued giving all the manjares to him to which was customary. Perhaps it could enjoy them knowing that its life was in constant danger? Surely that it had preferred to only feed with bread and water, before to see the death in front of its eyes in continuous form. It is what happens – concludes the Jafez Jaim- with those people who run behind the luxuries and pleasures of the life. It is probable that by a bad commercial operation they fall in the poverty.

The suffering will be frightful, because they got used to living with many comforts and luxury. The money exerts a great influence exceeds what we are, often we tend to assign value regarding each thing that we do, a very well-known saying Time is Money, the time is money, thus, would seem that everything has price or material value. We draw up goals and when we arrived at these, we want more and more and more With the present world-wide crisis, many executives that had excellent investments in values as much as properties was affected by the global situation, felt like insurances, diversified its entrances, which fell suddenly, companies in bankruptcy, properties with mortgage whose amounts today are not real since you can less than acquire it by half of its initial price. It was had, almost the certainty that was owner of the world and the world (financier) leaning in this way crawling to many people whose lives turned upside down almost exclusively in the material, leaving for more ahead the familiar life. Accustomed a level of expenses and consumption that hardly will be able to fall, since they went accustoming to a train of expenses in constant increase.

Medieval Pythagorean Tradition

The medieval Pythagorean tradition, the hermetismo and the cabalismo had added an immense wealth, extending the universal harmonias, to the quarrel of parallelism. This intense complexity contributed as key to understand the nature, affirming and preparing the land for the mathematical thought on the universe. Another present important characteristic in the renascentista magic is the cult to the sun? the call ‘ ‘ heliocentrismo’ ‘. The cult to Hermes Trismegisto tended to attribute to the Sun the position of ‘ ‘ second deus’ ‘ , as strong religious symbol. This perception fortified the position of astro as a primordial image of the ideas, conceived as esplendor intelligible. The copernicana revolution was presented under the religious atmosphere, which considered it as an act of contemplation of in agreement world revelation of God, despite the same one has been carried through on the basis of a huge mathematical calculation. According to Yates, the copernicana discovery came to the light with the blessing of Hermes Trismegisto.

The new vision of world, as a new panorama of references and attitudes, proposal for the hypothesis elaborated for Coprnico was based on an intense distinction given to the Sun, having induced that thinker to undertake mathematical calculations, under the idea of that the Sun was really in the center of the planetary system. This revolutionary interpretation represented the capacity of intervention and experimentation human beings as one practical rational? attitude that substituted the medieval contemplativa ethics gradually. In this context, Giordano Bruno, intensely religious hermetista, considered the Sun, of the copernicana theory, closely on to the solar magic of Ficino. On the basis of analysis Yates the French, the use of the copernicana theory made by Bruno demonstrates, of impressive form, as they were uncertain and moving the borders between genuine science and the hermetismo during the Renaissance. This sensible ‘ ‘ hibridismo’ ‘ the magic of the Renaissance enters and the primrdios of modern science are reflected of a great transformation in the way to see the man and the world.

Foucault After-modern

The writing of after-modern history, associate to the model of Foucault, aims at the dissolution of this historicista metafrica form. For the author, the despistemologizao of the historical conscience this related in first place, descontextualizao in substitution the historicista and positivista contextualizao, where if it studies the past in independent and independent parts, a decisive trace of after-modern history. In as place the dissolution of the metafrica organization that it looks to unify the past and to cause a false depth, being this finishes seen of disagreeable form for the after-modern history, that it searchs to separate the historical phenomena of its roots of the past. The consequences of this change in the historical boarding, discard of the historiografia any pretension of a total representation of the past. The text is seen as object, and not as mimese of the past. The use of instruments of critical literary, natural to the one after-modernismo as the calculation the mathematics.

The after-modern historiografia is based on the production of a linguistic object that exerts the cultural function of a past not? gift. The objective of the ones after-modernistas is to underneath take off the carpet of the feet of modernismo and of science. The historical interpretations of the past first become reconhecveis, acquiring identities through the contrast with other interpretations of the past, them are what they are based in what they are not. After-modernismo it recognizes in the aesthetic nature of the historiografia. This recognition is described for the same author in the Historiografia text and after-modernismo in the following way: ' ' Joo believes that X, or Joo waits that X, where X is a particular allegation. The question is that (…) never it will be substituted by another allegation, exactly being this equivalent the x, or resulted direct of this. After all, we do not know if Joo in fact is cliente of the consequences of its belief or hope in X.' ' (Pgs.122, 123) Through the historiografia after modernista, he finds in the history of the mentalities has a rupture with the essencialista tradition. The narrative and the speech are subjects very argued in after-modernity.

History after-modern refined our agreement of a history that did not have as to be tematizada to apartir of traditional epistemolgica history. This heterogeneous phenomenon of the historiografia in them took off ignorance in relation to the text as representation of the past, being this influenced directly for the culture and formation of writes who it, therefore being impossible to reach a supposed neutrality. Historicismo bibliography, after modernismo and historiografia (Frank R. Ankersmit) Historiografia and after-modernismo. Source: (Frank R. Ankersmit)

Interviewed Device

the other devices that also existed in the city of Luzia Saint, had closed all. In end, the sugar history of Sergipe together with still the existence of some devices that they continue of foot as, for example, the Device Castle, needs to have a bigger recognition, therefore the sugar economy in Brazil was one of the first sources of income. Therefore, she is necessary to conserve those monuments that still resist the time and continue of foot so that future other generations can know as it was the structure of those devices. REFERENCES FREIRE, Felisberto. Territorial history of Sergipe. Aracaju: Publishing society of Sergipe/State secretary of the Cultura/FUNDEPAH, 1995. LOUREIRO, Ktia Alfonso Hisses.

Architecture Sergipana of the Sugar, Aracaju 2002, p.87 the 92. STEPS SUBRINHO, Modest Jose of. Reordenamento of the Work, Aracaju 2000, p.54 the 74. SAINTS, Lenalda Andrade. OLIVA, Teresinha Alves. To know the history of Sergipe.

Aracaju: Graphical option, 1998. IT HISSES, Isabel Maria Slope. History of Brazil: , Rio De Janeiro: UFS, 2000. Site Coffee History the studies of the sugar cane of sugar in Sergipe. Had access in 31/08/09 ace 15:40 hours. Site Web Articles. Had access in 08/08/2010 the 17:00 hours. APPENDICES Interviewed: Subject: History of the Device Castle Dates of the Interview: 03/12/2010 Hour: Questionnaire 1) It has how many years Mr. deferred payment in Luzia Saint? 2) Already worked in the Device castle? Which its function? 3) It has how many years worked in the Castle? 4) Which age the type of produced sugar? 5) You know to count some history that happened when worked in this device? 6) The employees were all of the city of Luzia Saint or came people of are to work in the Device Castle? 7) For the sugar cane harvest he had time or were every month of the year? 8) Cantidiano the owner of this device was a rigid master with the employees or had a friendly relation? 9) When the device functioned, inside of the farm existed varies houses its employees to live? Of that these houses were constructed? 10) Women worked in the cut of the sugar cane? 11) In the preparation of the sugar somebody already was cut, amputated some of its members? 12) It is truth that existed medical in the device to take care of employees? 13) At this time he had many houses you deal in the city? 14) With the installation of the Device I deal it to Castle grew?