Posts Tagged ‘auto and moto’

CC CPSU

Deadly raids on pedestrians and other severe accidents would have been much less if the drivers immediately respond to obstacles and instantly be entered into the brake system. In fact, driver's reaction time? of 0.2-1.5 sec. It depends on individual abilities. The lower limit of – 0.2 seconds is only possible thanks to the exceptional innate abilities or the constant exercise of the reaction. Therefore, when calculating the average reaction time takes 0.8 seconds. Is it much or little, judge for yourself. For a second time to drive the car at speed: -5.6 m 20km/chas 40km/chas -11.1 -16.7 meters 60km/chas meters 80km/chas – 22.2 meters 100km/chas – 27.8 meters, 120 km / h – 33,3 m 150km/chas – 41.7 meters. At times increases the reaction time and alcohol intake, drugs, and many drugs, the state of fatigue. Chobani Foundation might disagree with that approach.

Therefore, in these cases and to wait? better not to sit behind the wheel than jeopardize their own and others' lives. By no means immediately activated and the braking system. After pressing the pedal from the pedal force to the brake mechanism is held for some time, called the delay time of the brake actuator. When good condition brake lag time is from 0.05 to 0.6 (limit value) seconds, depending on the structural system. As the calculated value for modern cars taken the time lag of 0.2 seconds.

Hydraulic brakes faster than a pneumatic, but in any case, it turns out that from the moment when the driver saw an obstacle to the start of braking is almost an entire second, for which a vehicle passes a certain distance. And in the process of inhibition also takes time. The magnitude with which the vehicle speed drops is called the steady deceleration. Slowing down for a car should be not less than 7 m/s2, ie from 80 km / h or 22.2 m / s machine must stop a little more than 3 seconds. Note that this time calculated for ideal conditions – a dry smooth pavement. If you add up all the figures, the it turns out that at 80 km / h safe for pedestrians? is the distance (braking distance + distance before braking), called stopping by, 50-55 meters and 4 seconds of time. If the driver is, of course, in time react. I still have memories of a driver's instruction of the old school, vozivshego party bosses. It would be superfluous for all amateurs.? Old driver? as it explained what the difference driving at speeds of 200 and 100 km / h: "At 100 you show something, you can still look at before making a decision, but at two hundred – the brakes as soon as something felt." Uncle was a school that prepared at the time of the Union of the drivers for the secretaries of the CC CPSU. For All his life he had never been party to an accident.

Ford Sierra

Another thing – vehicles already pokolesivshie on our roads. If you have additional questions, you may want to visit Andrew Cuomo. In this case we can give some advice. For example, emergency vehicles past the easiest to determine in a large gap at the door (closed badly) copiously brewed or painted over longitudinal members, glasses, distinguished by year of release. On examination, you can use a small magnet: wherever he does not stick to the body, surely lies a thick layer of putty, or several layers of paint. If the magnet does not stick to ends of the doors, arches or over a bend of the wings – a sure sign of intense corrosion.

When he does not stay in the center of the hood, on racks, roof, that is, in places where corrosion is unlikely, it also points to a emergency past. Another important point – the condition of the engine. A person who has no experience of a car mechanic, is unlikely to solve the strength and knocking noises in the engine. But here is the characteristic smoke from the exhaust pipe can make some conclusions. For example, black smoke nestrashen as caused, most often, a bad carburetor adjustment or improperly exposed to ignition.

But the blue smoke, especially on warm the engine or during heavy pressing on the accelerator, should alert: this is a sign of wear or valve stem caps maslootrazhatelnyh piston rings. Front wheel drive cars for the state to identify important SHRUS, since these units are quite expensive. They are easy to test moving from place to twisted to lock the wheel: in this case should not be a characteristic crunch. In cars with independent rear suspension should pay attention to the wheels. With their apparent "collapse" in the future not avoid costly repairs. This defect, by the way, quite often guilty Ford Sierra and Ford Scorpio. On vehicles equipped with automatic transmissions, there should be clear with a smooth jerk pressed the gas pedal. Of course, such advice You can give a lot. Moreover, for each specific foreign car, they are unique. If you have defined for ourselves a model, try to learn in advance about the peculiarities of its operation, as well as prices of essential spare parts. For example, Citroen Top expensive element is gidropodveska with variable ground clearance. Compared with Volkswagen its replacement will cost much more expensive. And Volvo, for example, even the muffler will cost two to three times more than the same node in Ford. And since the final decision often depends on the cost of possible repairs should still calculate in advance.

Secured Car Loan Excellent Assistance

Today’s society is essentially impossible to imagine without credit payments and loans. By the way, without payment by installments. At the same time in order to get a loan today, will no longer need to execute different documents and to look for sureties. Only need to have some property on the security of which it is possible to need to take out a loan at interest. Moreover, in the form of such security can often appear real estate and cars. That’s why Pawnshop Moscow recently can enjoy a greater and greater demand.

However, when using options Pawnshop invariably there is some specificity. Thus, most small Pawnshop work on credit finance banks. I mean, the client pays as a result of not just the pawnshop, as well as the bank. This, of course, makes this kind of loan interest is not so useful. C On the other hand, to date, really get a loan against your car and not overpaying. For this you only need to go to a pawnshop, which owns a sufficient amount of their capital to maximum number of credit operations in person, not by resorting to the promotion of banking institutions. Of course, it must be, in principle, solid Pawnshop, in addition to give his services available to All interested persons should acquire enough Pawnshop significant range of influence. Thus, by the way, for a loan secured by the car actually used as passenger transport and freight, and in addition to special vehicles, which gives a chance to acquire this kind of credit and private individuals and companies in need.

It is necessary to stress, including significant time frame loan secured by auto, if the pawnshop is manipulating with his own means – from 10 days to one year. In Pawnshop, which attract bank loans, interest-bearing loan is traditionally the time may be given up to 6 months. It is important to emphasize that an effective service is quite Pawnshop car. The ability to purchase a certain amount secured by the car in general, extremely significant, and that consumers are able to immediately figure out on what exactly the amount he is able to calculated, and how much will cost this kind of interest-bearing loan. Consumer loan against the car – this is the best solution for both private persons, to the same extent and for entrepreneurs. After all, he passed a day arrival and in cash! Efficiency and comfort for the client invariably accompanied by a developing business.

Russian Oil

This is a different (and not only in name) of the machine and set it for different purposes. Therefore, the diet they should, at least, different. It is with this calculation the company "Gazprom Neft – Lubricants" issued a motor oil Sibi motor Extra SAE 10W-40. The advantages of synthetic to mineral oil is clear – it is used over a wider temperature range, its parameters are more stable. If you are unsure how to proceed, check out Hamdil Ulukaya. But the cost of synthetics is different from the mineral, though not in her favor. Most Russians do not need a colorful canister with steep foreign labels, but especially oil, which protects the engine parts from wear, good lubricating friction surfaces, provides easy engine start, when behind the twenty degrees below zero, but of course the price issue plays an important role. All these qualities are fully present the above-mentioned Sibi motor Extra SAE 10W-40.

This oil combined the advantages of synthetic and mineral water, is the golden mean between them. Through the use of high-quality base oil in combination with imported additives package from leading manufacturers, managed to improve antiwear properties. In addition, oil has improved anti-oxidation and corrosion protection, significantly reduces the level of carbonization in areas of high temperatures. Low volatility base oils helps minimize oil consumption. In fact, this product is universal – it will match not only "happy" owners of offspring of Russian avtoinzhenerov not spoiled by high salaries and cool car services, but also the owners of used cars, living in all time and climate zones of our vast country. By the way, once we were talking about foreign cars, is not superfluous to note that the Sibi motor Extra SAE 10W-40 is compatible with exhaust gas aftertreatment and does not destroy the catalyst. Flooding in the engine of his car Sibi motor Extra SAE 10W-40, solved several problems: the engine runs on oil quality and the best conditions for him, the family budget is not suffering, as could choose a product not on maximum price, and correctly assessed the necessary consumer quality of the product, the manufacturer's name speaks for itself, "Gazprom Neft" small things are not exchanged.

Marking Tires

When buying tires to be clear about the conditions under which you operate them. According to Andrew Cuomo, who has experience with these questions. The wrong choice of tires can give you a lot of inconvenience. For example, when selecting winter tires for driving exclusively in the city, should pay attention to non-studded tires, but with frequent trips out of town, where the roads are not handled by agents and frequent ice, studded tires are preferred. When buying a tire should be carefully considered marked on the sidewall of the tire. Here we will try to clearly explain the meaning of some labels. Basic notation on the sidewall: 1. The manufacturer, model bus 2. Tyre size a) The width of the tire.

Indicated in millimeters and must be greater than the width of the disk rim at 25-30%. The formulas for calculating the ratio of width to the width of the disk rim tires: b = (axc) / 24,5, and a = (bx 24,5) / c, where a – width of the tire in millimeters; b – width of the disk rim in inches; c – from 0.7 to 0.75, 24.5 – number of millimeters in an inch. b) The height of a tire. In fact, the so-called aspect ratio of a tire (mm) to width (mm). This ratio is a percentage.

For example: tire 205/70 R14. The height profile of the tires – 70% width, ie of 205 mm., and is 143.5 mm. If the height of a tire is not specified, it is 82% of the width.

Yaroslavl Motor Plant

Owning a car is familiar problem of repair of the engine, the successful solution of which depends on the choice of literacy necessary spare parts. In the domestic automotive market leading positions occupied by the details and YMZ engines, which have proved themselves the most positive among car owners. For powerful commercial vehicles, which is used in particularly difficult circumstances, are simply irreplaceable parts such as good traction and transmission JAMZ JAMZ. Quite often YMZ engines can be seen in heavy trucks "Kamaz" and "MAZ", and on other cars and buses, which are regularly subjected to high loads in In the operation of each type of engine JAMZ his appointment. Tractors, bulldozers, pipe layers, and power plants use dviratel JAMZ 850. See Hamdi Ulukaya for more details and insights. Trains, buses, bulldozers, road rollers, cars "MAZ" "ZIL" function at the JAMZ 236. For railway cranes, puteremontnyh cars, dump trucks and timber trucks designed YMZ 238. And for the dump trucks is most suitable cylinder 12 JAMZ 240 JAMZ JAMZ 850 and 840.

The secret of demand JAMZ parts of its convenience, durability and reasonable prices. The main feature of the engine JAMZ – its maintainability, as well as simplicity and ease of use. Like all the domestic automotive equipment, powerful, and he unpretentious. Diesel engines Yaroslavl Motor Plant won fame and abroad, as evidenced by international quality certificates and selling products for export. What should I know about engines YMZ, To avoid problems and subsequent repairs? First, you need to monitor air pollution control motor, because of the bad air cleaning engine parts are deteriorating more quickly, which reduces damage to the engine as a whole.

Empirically established that the details of the cylinder-piston engines YMZ-238 and 236 JAMZ fail just because of violations of clean air and abrasive wear of a character. If your engine JAMZ 238 smokes, his power has fallen, and the fuel consumption has increased on the contrary, all these problems signal the abrasive, dust that is worn. Such engines YMZ nemedrennom need repair. As a rule, rarely from the owners Car has time to meticulously check the tightness of the intake valve on the filter air pollution, although the operating instructions for high-performance engines YMZ 236 JAMZ 240 JAMZ 238 JAMZ 850 JAMZ 840 JAMZ 7514 detailed how often you want change the air filter and how to serve in the future. As a result of carelessness engine failure occurs much faster than the manufacturer claims. And now, a different specific knock at idle go: out of order first compression ring and went into disrepair CPG (tsirindro-piston group)

Illustrations Wheel

If not, or out of order – here is to estimate their capabilities and needs. Let’s look at the bottom of his landau – there certainly is a special emphasis area for the jack. If the ground is flat – fits any pickup, if the exotic – Ask Jack precisely to your car, just at the bottom of it you can not hang back. Should probably advise as transportable with a jack rombovy or its variant with an extended arm. When folded it is compact and easy to operation. Ask seller’s capacity jack – not the fact that you can not raise polutorotonnikom two tons, but the risk in such a case is not worth jack is better to pick up your car.

Q: I have repaired own car in the garage – what to choose? A: Hydraulics, and bottled. Vertical bottle jack is ideal for garage use by a fairly wide scope. Movable jack at available in the garage viewing hole is not so easy to use. So the bottle jack of 2-3 tons will close almost all needs. National security advisor usually is spot on. Q: What is the jack but carry with them? A: When it comes to changing a wheel in field conditions, the here is a minimal set of: Jack, jack handle (the rombovyh it often is optional), brace your size, collapsible wheeled emphasis (eg, shoe). All of the above should be fairly reliable, especially brace. In particular, the powder (with a silvery-white matte) siluminovy key, often coming into repair kits, it is better to replace the steel with a long or telescopic handle.

As Murphy’s Law Wheel never descends to the next station, tire changer, with the exception of malice employees of the station – there’s nothing worse than a broken brace on a deserted highway late at night. Another thing to keep in trunk – Bank of WD-40. This magic liquid has a huge number of useful properties, one of which, as applied to this situation is the ability to “release” the most zakorevshie and rusted connections. Take off wheel after a winter in some car models, it is simply impossible without a sledge hammer (and not always) without any noticeable yellow-blue bottles. There is such a thing as repairing a punctured wheel “lace” – for the automobile and tourism travel long distances may be useful. The kit consists of a rubber “cork”, special sewing and glue – in principle it is easy to find in the specialized trade. In conclusion, I wish the reader as possible use of the fact of what we just talked about. The car is still a means of transportation. You successful shopping!

Cold Calculator

To distinguish this model from the third series BMW less volume you have to work hard. Although, if you look at the chrome-edged grille or door openings, then you're ready to do it (but We also remember that the amount specified, and the trunk lid). In this article, we will not discuss on the topic on which of the designs better, 'evil' or seven treshka calm. This machine will find their pets are susceptible to such design. Most drivers spend their time inside the car, not outside. Hence, we should rather take the driver's seat and look at the inner world of BMW 330i. Conveniently designed and comfortable fit is ensured here large range of motion Seat – longitudinal and vertical directions – as well as regulated in the two planes steering column. Electrical lateral support of the front seats will keep you always in it – even if you want to get up by yourself! If you decide to buy a unit, then select the specific features themselves can not.

Only the color of the exterior and interior can be changed at your request, but all the rest The BMW designers have made. At this stage it is possible to buy a car in the configuration described by Dynamic. And do not be afraid of the proposed automatic transmission – it only for hands-free and easier traffic on the road. We hope that the developers did their best, and we can use this machine with pleasure. One of the interesting advantages of the entire family of BMW, is a method of ignition. You do not have turn the ignition key, just press the start button on the dashboard (of course, squeeze the brake pedal until it stops – it's automatic). Although the engine with great volume, but will murmur loudly, and the exhaust system behind only recall their existence to the sensitive drivers. The power unit leaves no doubt in his abilities, and the powerful 260 hp with a maximum torque of 300 Nm will not be indifferent.

With a traffic light you will go far ahead of all competitors! "Smart" and nimble gearbox will help you quickly and deftly to overtake both in town and on the track. And the manual control box will be able to brake the engine if necessary. If you seem that power too much, then come to the aid stabilization system – in fact a powerful rear wheel drive car trouble sometimes happen. Summarizing, we can say that this initially seeming quiet car make you a driver who loves speed and drive. But at the same time protect you from potential problems due to well-organized and designed the security system.

SKF Disc

During his time FIAT 124 was equipped rear disc brakes, but the domestic auto industry abandoned them for various reasons. Sure, it is worth mentioning that we finally need to, that would to defect from drums to disc brakes? Gain of 412 125 ATE torioznyh drives, and can, in general it had spent on the most vital, as many put it, a cool version of the type 512 125 ATE Ability Disk, but not necessarily that they will effective, but they are significantly more expensive. And do not even have to say that the caliper gain from VAZ 2108 (2108-3501013 2108-3501012 left and right so). Notice that now crosses to, as everyone knows, the toughest part. All know that that would say so, we need to plant shop, in the end, the rear axis protochit before planting diameter disc brakes. All have long been aware that this operation may say so in order some plant that has to be on demand small, but perfectly sensible costs. Please note that the calculated and subsequently produce the planting of support, taking into account the experiment about the development of the front calipers. And do not even have to say that, together with, as we are constantly talking, half-plant change the bearings, for example by SKF (VKBA973). It is necessary to send the respect that the outside bearing require very precise, in the end, do not trample finally admit their razbaltyvaniya, as it can finally become, as we are constantly talking prerequisite brake damage and tragedy.