The Historical Evolution

In as, we will present the activities developed for the Directions and the manager of the Institute. In third chapter we will deal with the proposal of management alignment of the IPEM with the Union and the IPEM with the State. E, finally, the final consideraes. The proposal aims at to contribute for the improvement of the Public Administration in the eagerness that the Institute of Weights and Measures can, through the improvement of its action, to find its identity, if to locate in the state structure and to take care of the new demands of the society. Of this form, the past of uncertainties will give place to an agile, ethical and transparent institution, in benefit of the of the state of Rio de Janeiro citizen. CHAPTER I 1.1.

The Historical Evolution of the Metrologia the units of primitive measures were based on parts of the human body, that were universal references, therefore were easy to arrive it a measure that could be verified by any person. It was as soon as had appeared the measures standard, such as the count, the handspan, the foot, the yard, the fathom and the step. In general, these measures were based on the measures of body of the king, therefore these were considered perfect, destined and chosen for deuses. However, as the people have different sizes, the measures varied of a person for another one, of people for people, without it had the standardization. The only accurate international measure was the degree of the angle. Therefore, the metrologia if showed an important activity since of the beginning of the commercial activity. The mercantilism if supported in the profit gotten in the exchanges of merchandises. After the successful Portuguese pioneirismo through the profits gotten with the navigations for the oceans Atlantic and Indian, other countries had initiated its expanses in search of the profit.

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